A Complete Guide: Differences Between CBD and THC

With the legalization of the usage of hemp, the application and consumption of products from cannabis plants grew to a certain extent. Both components that are famous and derived from cannabis plants are CBD and THC. Both of these are natural compounds and can be extracted from Hemp and Marijuana. Legalized amount of THC that a product can contain is 0.03%. Available in various forms CBD can treat various health conditions like  CBD Edibles for sleep reduces insomnia, CBD gummies for anxiety, CBD hemp cream for pain and many more. However, both THC and CBD are associated with different effects that you might not know; this text provides details on the difference. 

The difference in chemical structure between CBD and THC:

Both CBD and THC have the same molecular structure: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and two oxygen atoms. But both of them differ in the arrangement of molecules, and the difference is minor but has a huge impact on the body. It is because both these products attach similarly to the endocannabinoid system of the body. And this is the reason that it allows the interaction of cannabinoid receptors with those products.  This interaction results in the release of neurotransmitters in the psyche. These are chemicals that can transmit messages from cell to cell. It can further trigger relaxation in pain, stress, immune function, and sleep. 

Do both of them lead to psychoactive actions?

As mentioned above, both CBD and THC resemble the chemical structure, but both of them do not possess psychoactive actions. CBD’s psychoactive actions are not in any way similar to the ones expected from THC. For example, it doesn’t make you feel high, while CBD can induce sedative-like effects. Also, CBD is known to help people with seizures, depression, and anxiety. 

THC is known to bind with the receptors named CB1 present in the brain and can result in euphoria. At the same time, the bonding of CBD is weak with the CB1 receptors. Therefore, it is prime that CBD has THC to bind strongly with the CB1 receptors. It can also lessen the unwanted psychoactive effects of THC. 

What is the legality status of CBD and THC?

With each passing day, the laws related to cannabis are evolving. And for now, under federal law, CBD is still considered a Schedule 1 drug. Also, hemp has been evicted from the Controlled Substances Act, but still, FDA and DEA don’t approve its inappropriate usage and classified it as a schedule 1 drug. But almost by now, 33 states have approved usage of medical CBD with appropriate amounts of THC present.  And in this case, you might need a prescription from a doctor. 

Also, innumerable states have legalized recreational usage of CBD and THC legal. In the places where CBD is legal for recreational purposes, you can buy it without a prescription. However, you must check state laws before buying CBD products. You can face legal penalties if you are using CBD products where they are illegal. 

What are the medical benefits of CBD and THC?

Both CBD and THC possess innumerable medical benefits according to their mechanism. Here is a list of their benefits:

Benefits of CBD:

  • It can help you reduce inflammation and pain.
  • It can reduce psychological issues like depression, anxiety, stress, and seizures. 
  • It can also treat inflammatory bowel diseases and nausea. 

Benefits of THC:

  • It can help decrease the sensation of pain and muscle spasticity.
  • It can also help with glaucoma, insomnia, and low appetite. 
  • You can also treat nausea and anxiety through THC. 

Conclusion: 

CBD and THC are both appropriately associated with health benefits that cannot be ignored. Choose wisely the one that suits your need to be safe while claiming it.  Check for the laws of your state to have these products legally.

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